Who is at Risk?


Who is at Risk?

Patients with certain types of conditions are at increased risk of developing PE:



Cardiovascular disease including heart attack, coronary artery disease, stroke or congestive heart failure

Having a previous history of a blood clot

Oral contraceptive use or hormone replacement therapy

Disorders associated with inflammation including infection, bowel disease (Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis) and certain types of arthritis

Chronic lung, kidney or liver problems



Conditions that predispose to easy clotting including the antiphospholipid antibody syndrome or genetic factors.

Patients who have had other family members with blood clots (deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism):

Blood clotting disorders can be inherited

Patients who don’t or can’t move around much

Lack of movement can cause slow blood flow, which puts patients at higher risk for developing blood clots.

Being confined to a bed, such as when you are in the hospital for a number of days

Prolonged sitting, such as a long airplane flight or car trip (4 hours or more)

Recent trauma or having your leg in a cast

Patients who have had major surgery or injury to a vein

For example, general surgery, brain and spine surgery, or hip/knee replacement